Crocus distillation video - after three months, caring for sprouted crocuses



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Video of crocus care after distillation

So we get a bowl from the refrigerator with crocuses. We put them on forcing three months ago.

Oh! How they have grown in three months. They even outgrown, but there is nothing wrong with that. Earlier than three months later, they could not be taken out of the refrigerator. If they were taken out of the refrigerator earlier, when they were even shorter, then the chances that they would not bloom were 90%. Now, after three months, we take out the recommended time for the bowl, the shoots, as you can see, have grown and very much, even bent under the shelter. Now we put the crocuses in a cool place, but not cold. It was +5 degrees in the refrigerator, and we put it on the loggia for about a week. The temperature there is 10-15 degrees, we set it not in the sun, but in partial shade. The shoots will pick up chlorophyll, turn green and prepare to bloom. After about a week, the crocus bowl can be placed on the windowsill. But, of course, not on a warm windowsill - the best place and temperature for crocuses to bloom is on the windowsill somewhere near the glass. The temperature should be about 15 to 17 degrees, preferably 15, because at high temperatures (from 20 and above), flowering can generally occur very quickly and flowers can fade in a few hours. Those. for flowering, it is necessary to maintain a fairly low temperature, preferably 15-16-17 degrees.

All we carry to the loggia so that the crocuses get acclimatized.


Choosing daffodil bulbs for planting in the garden

These plants are bulbous, so it is only natural that proper attention should be paid to the choice of planting material.

It is especially important to have an idea about them for novice florists. Let's see what you need to know about bulbs before planting a daffodil

Let's see what you need to know about bulbs before planting a daffodil.

Bulb selection

The main thing that you should pay attention to in the first place is that the planting material is not affected by the bulbous hoverfly or daffodil fly. Examine the bulb carefully

If you see areas affected by rot, then these onions are not suitable for planting.
Try to get your bulbs from specialized gardening stores. The option of purchasing through an online store is allowed, which has good reviews and a decent reputation.
The shape of a healthy specimen should be pear-shaped, with an oblong upper part. Onions are divided into several types: they can be single-peaked, two-peaked or multi-peaked.

When to buy

For novice florists, it is important to stock up on planting material on time. It is better to make a purchase in the summer, since it is necessary to plant in the first half of autumn

You need to be in time before the onset of cold weather, so that the plant takes root and adapts, gets ready for winter.

The onions are stored until planting in the dark and cold. If you breed your daffodils, then dig up in June, and then also store in a dark place.

It is important that the bulbs dry out.
Until the autumn period, when they can be planted, they should not be determined in warmth or, conversely, in a damp and cold place. The old soil must be cleaned, and the material for planting must be dried.


Flower Record (Flower Record). The flowers are bright, purple in color, with lilac narrow strokes on the perianth lobes. One of the earliest varieties with blue and purple coloration. It has very large flowers, up to 6.3 cm long. Duration of flowering 13 days.

Queen of Blue (Queen oj the Blues). Flowers of a delicate violet-blue color, with dark purple strokes, up to 5.5 cm long. Early flowering variety, flowering duration 15 days. Resistant to adverse weather conditions.

Purpurea Grandiflorus (Purpureus Grandiflorus). The color of the flower is violet, with lighter strokes on the inner surface of the perianth lobes. Perianth lobes are wide. The flowers are large, over 5.5 cm long. Early flowering variety, flowering duration 16 days.

Remembrans (Remembrance). The color of the flower is purple, at the base of the perianth lobes there is a dark purple spot. The inner perianth lobes are somewhat lighter than the outer ones. The flower is large, up to b cm long. Duration of flowering 13 days.

Earley Perfectten (Eaily Perfection). The flowers are purple in color, with dark purple outer perianth lobes at the base. Medium flowering variety. Flower up to 4 cm long. Duration of flowering 12 days.

Nigroboy (Negroboy). The color of the flower is dark purple, at the ends of the perianth lobes there is a narrow dark purple border. One of the darkest colored varieties. Average flowering time, flowering duration 15 days. Resistant to adverse weather conditions.

V.I.Bolgov, Candidate of Agricultural Sciences


Crocus planting time in the garden

When to plant crocuses outdoors? It all depends on the type of plant that the gardener has chosen, but they are all divided into flowers that bloom in spring or autumn.

Spring flowering plants include:

  • spring crocus - bred as a decorative flower since the 16th century, grows up to 17 cm high, the buds are lilac or white
  • two-flowered crocus - the most variegated variety of saffron blooming in spring
  • golden crocus - the name speaks for itself: the petals of this saffron have yellow buds of different shades, the plant reaches up to 20 cm in height.

Since the flowering of these subspecies of ornamental flora occurs in the spring, crocuses are planted in open ground in the fall. They should be planted from late September to early October.

If spring-flowering varieties are planted earlier than the second half of September, then saffron can bloom by the frost period and eventually die. And if you plant a flower later than the first half of October, then the soil for the bulbs will be too cold, they will not be able to take root in it and will simply freeze.

Autumn-flowering saffron subspecies include:

  • beautiful crocus - a fairly large plant up to 30 cm high, the buds are white, blue and lilac in color
  • cute crocus - frost-resistant subspecies
  • Crocus Banat - has lilac buds and unusual silvery leaves.

Flowers bloom in the garden in autumn, and therefore crocuses are planted in the ground in spring (late May) or early summer (first half of July).


Crocus planting and care in the open field

Crocuses are planted in pots, open ground and for forcing. They are distinguished by a wide palette of colors, there are lilac, yellow, lilac, etc. They decorate the garden with flowering for two or more weeks. But not everyone knows how to care for flowers, so more on that below.

General information about culture

Saffron, or crocus, is a representative of the Iris family. Refers to the genus of perennial corms. Reaches up to 15 cm in height.

The size of the bulb can be up to 3 cm in diameter. One, rarely 2-3, flowers grow from it. By color, they are divided into two groups:

  • yellow-flowered - from yellow to orange
  • blue-flowered - from light lilac to dark purple.

Outdoor crocus care activities

Saffron leaves are linear and basal, covered with scales below. Present during and after flowering.

The seeds of the plant are angular and small in size, the fruit is a three-celled capsule.

Origin story

In the East, crocuses began to be grown before our era. They were mentioned in the writings of Hippocrates, Solomon and Homer. Introduced to Europe during the Crusades. First they began to cultivate in the countries of the western Mediterranean.

For your information! The first decorative species appeared in European botanical gardens in the 16th century. Spring, narrow-leaved and yellow crocuses marked the beginning of a large number of varieties.

Dutch hybrids have taken the lead in terms of commercial success. The formation lasted for several centuries. The countdown for modern commercial varieties is from the beginning of the twentieth century.

Benefit

Saffron is used in cosmetology. It is found in balms, creams and gels. You can make your own care products at home. The plant nourishes, rejuvenates and improves skin structure.

Medicinal properties of crocus:

  • calms the nervous system
  • helps to get rid of headaches
  • the best remedy for worms
  • improves brain activity
  • prevents cancer cells from spreading
  • is a strong antioxidant
  • improves liver function
  • effective in ICD
  • has a positive effect on male sexual function.

Note! Dried stigmas of sown saffron were used as a spice in BC to this day. To add a special taste, color and aroma, it is added to pilaf, fish and meat dishes.

Features of caring for crocuses in the garden

It is not difficult to take care of the plant, it is unpretentious, but you need to follow the rules of agricultural technology.

Soil selection

Crocuses prefer areas with light and well-drained soil. Sandy loam is suitable, since it absorbs moisture perfectly during the period of snow melting. Do not grow in acidic soil.

If the soil does not allow water to pass through well, drainage is necessary. During digging, fine expanded clay or coarse sand is introduced.

Watering and humidity

Crocuses need moisture if the winter was without snow and there was no rain in the spring. Water the soil as it dries up after the sprouts appear. Before each event, loosening is carried out so that the water soaks it well. The liquid should be poured without touching the leaves.

Stagnant water will harm the bulbs. The amount of moisture received affects the height of the plants.

Important! Spraying is not necessary.

Top dressing

Crocuses need mineral fertilizers, especially phosphorus and potassium. On the other hand, nitrogenous ones are harmful. An excess of them in wet weather can cause fungal diseases.

In early spring, complex mineral fertilizers are added at the rate of 30 g per 1 m². The next one is produced during the flowering period with a fertilizer with a lower nitrogen content. If you add nutrients in the fall when planting in the holes, you do not need to feed after winter.

Planting and caring for crocuses does not take much time. The main thing is to prevent stagnation of water and fertilize on time.

Crocus species

Most of the spring varieties bloom in April.

  • spring. Flowers in the form of a funnel-shaped bell are short, white or lilac. Duration of flowering - three weeks in mid-April - early May
  • Thomasini. When opened, it looks like a star. The color of the petals is lilac or pink, but a white rim may be present. The beginning of the flowering period is April, the duration is up to 20 days
  • two-flowered. Differs in forms depending on the variety. Flowers can be purple, milky, orange, blue, and some have spots on the petals. Flowering lasts three weeks
  • sowing. The corm has a spherical shape with a diameter of 2.5 cm. Large flowers are white, pale purple and yellow. Blooms up to 20 days in late August - mid September.

Many autumn species bloom in September.

Description of popular types:

  • Banat. Lilac or lavender funnel-shaped flowers with yellow anthers. Flowering begins in September, lasts more than a month
  • pretty. Light purple flowers are arranged in 5-10 pieces. on a plant, reach a height of 10 cm, their diameter is 6-8 cm.Flowering occurs in September-October
  • Sharoyan. Flowers are yellow, goblet. The peak of flowering is September-October.

Features of autumn and spring planting

When crocuses are planted in open ground - in summer or autumn, it depends on the variety. If they bloom in spring, corms are buried in the ground in September.

If the variety does not tolerate moisture, make high beds. Pre-planting material is sorted out and unusable specimens are removed. The gap between the seedlings should be 7-10 cm. If it is not kept, a large number of children will appear in 3-5 years without transplanting, and the area will be completely filled.

When to plant autumn crocuses? It is best to do this before the middle of the summer season.

Important! Plants with recruited or opened buds will take root hard, their planting is irrelevant.

If, after placing in the soil, the bud wilted, remove the flowering stem and wilted leaves. The bush will start up new ones next year, but will bloom only after two.

Planting crocus seeds

With this method, flowering can be observed several years after sowing. It will be possible to collect seeds only from spring varieties, since autumn ones do not have time to ripen.

Seed preparation

The planting material is being prepared. There are three processing methods:

  • soak for half an hour in a growth stimulator
  • disinfect in a weakly concentrated solution of potassium permanganate
  • stratify. It is necessary for spring planting; in winter, seedlings go through this process in the garden in a natural way. The seeds are placed in a container with sand and refrigerated for three weeks.

Soil preparation

For autumn sowing, the site is prepared in September. They dig up the soil, add peat, which will make it moisture-consuming and breathable, which is what is needed for the germination of seedlings. To make it porous and not to form lumps, sand is added.

Landing in open ground

When it is best to plant crocuses in the garden, it is in the middle of September. Primroses and their seeds are highly winter-hardy. Sowing is carried out in prepared soil to a depth of 1 cm, maintaining a gap between seedlings of 4-5 cm. They will bloom in the third year.

Digging the soil before planting crocuses

When to transplant crocuses

It is best to do this from September to November. Flowers grow in one place for 5-6 years. It is advisable to plant them every 3-4 years. Corms are dug out during the dormant period in the middle of the summer season after the leaves turn yellow. They are cleaned, diseased and damaged units are selected, then dried in the shade for a week. Children are separated, disinfected for 30 minutes. in a concentrated solution of potassium permanganate and leave until disembarking in a cool dry place.

Bulb planting

Before embedding in open ground for preventive purposes, future seedlings are treated with potassium permanganate, a growth stimulator or fungicides (vitaros, maxim, etc.). The solution is prepared according to the manufacturer's instructions.

What is the best way to plant crocuses? In special containers, then they will not creep over the site. A distance of 3-5 cm is maintained between the planting material.The bulbs are buried in the soil at three heights: small - 5-6 cm, large units - 10 cm.

Note! If the winter is cold, the place with the seedlings is covered with foliage or spruce branches.

Process features

How to plant crocuses on the site correctly is in a place lit by the sun. In the shade, flowers may be small or not appear at all.

Due to the lack of nutrients, peat and leaf humus (5 kg per 1 m²) are introduced into the sandy soil for digging. Peat, 0.5 kg of lime per 1 m² and rotted manure are added to clay soil.

Important! Additionally, 40 g of superphosphate is added per 1 m², but only a month after lime.

Sandy loam and loamy soil is enough to dig up to the depth of the shovel bayonet.

Planting by children

A faded bulb can give up to 10 babies. The nest is carefully divided and independent units are planted. They are buried in the ground to different depths: small - 4-5 cm, larger - 10-12 cm.If they grow in one place for several years, a gap of 6-10 cm should remain between the plants, if they dig it up annually - 3-5 cm.

Crocus corm with babies

For your information! If there is not enough space, the flowers will grow small, and the flowering will not be plentiful.Transplant will solve this problem.

Crocus problems

Plants infect fungal and viral diseases. In the first case, the pathogens:

In the second case, the sources of infection are nematodes and rodents, which damage the integrity of plants.

Fungal diseases affect flowers, foliage and corms.

Root rot

Due to poor aeration, soil density or excess moisture, brown ulcers appear on the bulbs. Copper sulfate or Bordeaux liquid will help to cope with the problem.

Rust

When infected, orange spots are formed on the scales of the bulbs, and on the green leaves - the pads of the same color. There are several reasons for the occurrence:

  • excess nitrogen fertilizers in the ground
  • a lot of moisture
  • watering is incorrect.

For your information! The same remedies will help to destroy the disease as from rot.

Mosaic

Light yellow spots are formed on the deciduous cover, gray bloom on the flowers. As a result, they deform. There can be two reasons: violation of soil aeration and mechanical damage to corms. Copper sulfate and Bordeaux liquid are used to combat the disease.

Chlorosis

A change in leaf color to yellow usually provokes a lack of nutrients in the soil, poor drainage or inappropriate growing conditions can affect. Fungicides gamair or phytosporin will help get rid of the disease.

Proper planting and grooming of crocuses will help prevent the development of diseases.

Rodents and insects are fought with special preparations and manual methods.

Scoops

Insect caterpillars feed on plant roots: they damage the bulbs by making holes. You can find them in the autumn when weeding the site.

When the caterpillars are about to pupate, they are dug up and destroyed.

Pests break through holes in the soil, gnaw at the roots and can drag the bulbs into their burrows. The damaged units rot, the plants grow poorly and look oppressed in spring.

To prevent rodents from appearing, you must:

  • do not leave curtains
  • cover crocuses with branches during winter
  • use ultrasonic scarers.

Important! To protect against rodents, the plants are planted in baskets. On damaged corms, buds will not tie.

Slugs

The shellfish are harvested from the plots regardless of the presence of saffron. You can fight them with special preparations or surround the bulbs with coarse sand.

Note! Proper planting and caring for crocuses does not guarantee protection from rodents and insects, you need to resort to preventive measures in advance.

Slugs are dangerous pests of crocuses in the open field

Difficulties in growing

When buying, you need to clarify what kind of planting material. If you plant early spring on the site, you may not see flowering, since saffron will fade in March.

  • violation of the development cycle - the bulbs were dug out ahead of time
  • prematurely removed the foliage - the greens must dry completely
  • non-observance of the regime during the storage of planting material. You need to start with a high temperature, gradually reducing to a low one at the last stage.
  • no flowering - the site has been reborn. Crocuses are planted if they have been grown for several years in one place.

Crocuses, planting and caring in the open field for which will not be a big hassle, bloom very effectively. Knowledge of the rules of agricultural technology will help to avoid mistakes when growing. A flower bed with homemade flowers will decorate the site in spring or autumn.


Crocus and crocus difference - Vegetable garden and other


TIMELESS (autumn colchicum, colchicum)
One of the wonders of the autumn garden is the colchicum flowers (colchicum, autumnal, autumnal colchicum). For an inexperienced person, their appearance is amazing, because blooming in autumn, they are so similar to spring crocuses! Although the autumn crocus resembles the primroses we are familiar with, it differs from them in larger and brighter colors, life rhythm, chemical composition, properties and other signs.
What kind of beautiful flowers without visible leaves and stems suddenly appear from the ground, when nature withers outside the window and the first frosts touch the ground?
For many of us, colchicum is a plant that blooms exclusively in autumn. And this is natural for most types of colchicum. The most famous among them is the autumn crocus, named for its blooming in autumn. But there are among the representatives of the genus colchicum blooming at the end of summer, for example, Agrippa's colchicum, or early spring species - spring colchicum, water-loving colchicum, bundle colchicum.
The popular autumn crocus is also known under other names, consonant with the names of some plants. For the outward resemblance to the crocus, with which the colchicum is not related, the autumn crocus is called poisonous crocus, meadow saffron (crocus and saffron are synonymous names). During flowering in late autumn, the plant is called an autumn flower, a wintering house. The last name is an analogue of a flower from the Buttercup family, which has no family ties with the crocus. The autumn crocus is also known under the name of Devil's Bread, which is given for the poisonous properties of the plant. Another name for the flower is dog bow.
The life form of the autumn colchicum and other representatives of the Kolhikum genus allows us to attribute them to ephemeroids. As perennials with a short growing season, they spend most of their lives dormant underground. Their underground part is represented by a modified shoot; in the autumn crocus, it is a corm, a kind of hybrid of a bulb and a tuber. Outwardly, the corm resembles a typical bulb with scales. If you cut it, then its core will be uniform, without the fleshy scales that onions have.
Growing up, the corm of one flower with the formed children can occupy an area of ​​up to 20 square meters. see Every year, at the end of the growing cycle, the crocus bulb dies off, forming one or three new corms.
You can observe the autumn crocus at the beginning of spring, when it throws out narrow green leaves with parallel venation, the plant height at this time and later does not exceed 15 cm. The autumn crocus begins to actively accumulate and store carbohydrates in the corm. At the end of which, in the middle of summer, its leaves die off, and a period of rest begins for the colchicum. Colchicum flowers appear in the fall with the onset of rainy weather.
They are funnel-shaped or bell-shaped, have an identical structure: six petals of lilac, pink, purple, white, simple, without a calyx, six stamens and a three-celled ovary. The crocus fruit is a box with many seeds, which opens with three valves (according to the number of carpels). Breeders have also bred terry varieties of colchicum with many petals, but natural species always have only six of them.
Despite the similarity of the autumn crocus flower with the flowers of saffron (crocus), with which it is often confused, colchicum differs from it in chemical composition. So, because of the alkaloid colchicine, named after the plant, the crocus should not be eaten, like the famous saffron. Belonging to the tropolone series, this alkoloid made a beautiful and delicate flower one of the most poisonous. Only when it gets on the skin, colchicum juice causes burns, itching, redness. Therefore, gloves should be used for any work with an autumn flower, especially if there are scratches or wounds on the hands. However, the water in which the crocus flowers will stand will also be poisonous due to the alkaloids that have got into it.
Colchicum autumn in landscape design
Colchicum is very popular with amateur gardeners and landscape designers. People especially fell in love with the autumn flowering crop, which appears when most of the flowers have already wilted. In spring and summer, beautiful large leaves of autumn crocus and other late-flowering species can decorate any corner of the garden. But only until the time comes for them to die off. You can hide the leaves of autumn crocus that have lost their decorative effect by planting it between plants that can mask them, for example, between creeping alpine or coastal plants (tenacious, periwinkle).
Colchicum autumn, like other autumn-flowering species of colchicum, is suitable for group plantings on lawns, in flower beds with perennials, rock gardens or rockeries, for border plantings along paths or reservoirs. The fall flower can be grown in pots or other containers that are taken outside, displayed on balconies, or left indoors for interior decoration.
Autumn crocus can be attributed to unpretentious plants, because it is enough to plant it in a suitable place, after which it will bloom and grow year after year. But for successful growth, he needs to provide the necessary lighting, soil and moisture. Sometimes, even the weather can contribute to a good result.
Lighting
Since the development of autumn crocus and similar species occurs in two stages (in spring and early summer - leaves, in autumn - flowers), the plant feels good even in partial shade. Moreover, during the flowering of the autumn crocus, trees and shrubs completely, or partially, shed their leaves. Flowers, in contrast to the vegetative parts of a plant, do not need sunlight so much - after all, the process of photosynthesis does not take place in their cells, which means that organic compounds are not formed. Colchicum flowers use the nutrients accumulated in the corm. But the leaves that appear in spring need sunlight. Therefore, the place for the crocus must be selected so that during the period of leaf development (spring-early summer) the plant is not shaded and at least a couple of hours a day can be under the sun's rays. This must be taken into account when planting an autumn crocus near shrubs, in flower beds, in the company of other plants.
Substrate
The soil for the autumn crocus should be with good aeration and drainage, because the plant does not tolerate stagnant water in the soil, which can cause corm rotting. Clay (too dense) and sandy (poor) substrates are categorically unsuitable for autumn crocus. But the soil with a slightly acidic or neutral pH, rich in organic compounds, has a beneficial effect on flowering. The soil can be fertilized in early spring, during the development of leaves or at the end of summer, during the dormant period of the crocus. To do this, use humus, diluted mullein, mineral fertilizers in dry and liquid form.
Care
Colchicum, although unpretentious, needs some care. During vegetative growth, with a strong drying out of the soil, the autumn crocus needs a little additional watering. During the flowering period, the plant is not watered, as well as the crocus grown in pots. A certain danger can be posed by slugs that eat crocus flowers growing in the shade or damp places. They need to be controlled and caught in a timely manner.
Among other activities for the care of the crocus is weeding, removal of faded buds. The latter prolongs the decorative effect of the planting. For the winter, especially slightly frost-resistant species and hybrids based on them, it is worth covering with dry foliage or non-woven covering material. This applies to the following species and their derivatives: Bornmüller's crocus, Cilician, Byzantine, Bivon crocus.
Caring for autumn crocus and other species also implies the timely planting of plants. Otherwise, with a large accumulation of corms, the colchicum will go exclusively to the vegetative type of reproduction and stop blooming. Usually, a transplant is carried out every 2-3 years. The exceptions are the above-mentioned low-frost-resistant representatives of the genus, which grow for a long time without transplanting.
When to transplant the autumn crocus. Planting a crocus
In connection with the unusual life cycle of the plant, the question often arises "When to transplant the crocus?" As with all ephemeroid plants, the transplanting or planting of autumn colchicum is carried out after the complete withering away of its leaves, that is, when the colchicum is at rest (from mid-summer to early September). Colchicum corms are dug up, carefully cleaned from the ground and placed to dry in a warm and ventilated place. After that, the corms are planted in a new place. If the planting is returned to its original place, the soil is enriched with compost with a small addition of sand. In especially poor soils, additional fertilizers are applied. The corm is planted to a depth equal to three of its diameters. The distance between the corms is left at 15-20 cm. It is noteworthy that sometimes you can deviate from the rules and transplant the crocus at another time. An unpretentious plant successfully takes root and can even bloom in the year of planting.
How to propagate a crocus. Crocus reproduction
Colchicum reproduces in a vegetative and generative way. Vegetative reproduction occurs by dividing the corms (planting children separated from the mother's bulb). From one to three of them are formed annually on each corm. The advantage of vegetative reproduction is speed. In a year or two, new corms will begin to bloom.
Seed propagation (generative) takes much longer: autumn crocus and other species will bloom in this case in 4-5 years. Despite this, this method has its advantage - it allows you to get many plants at once. Both methods of reproduction of colchicum can be used: flowering individuals will begin to age over time, and by this period young colchicums will bloom. But more often the propagation of crocus seeds by seeds is practiced in exceptional cases, in particular for spring-flowering species that do not form daughter corms.
Colchicum seeds are harvested after they have ripened and are immediately sown in the ground. Long-term storage of colchicum seeds can reduce their germination. If sowing is carried out in the spring, the seeds are preliminarily subjected to stratification for five to six months.
Forcing the crocus
It is possible to admire the flowering of an autumn crocus plant in winter, if you do a number of simple operations. For forcing the crocus will need a large corm (at least 3 cm in diameter) and a container made of any material: ceramics, plastic, glass, including without a drainage hole. As a substrate, not only an ordinary soil mixture for bulbous plants is suitable, but also a mixture of sand with perlite, fine expanded clay, gravel or decorative colored perlite (for glass containers).
The corm is dug out after all the leaves have died, kept for 15-30 minutes in any fungicide, for example, in a pink solution of potassium permanganate, then placed in a dry and warm place for several days so that it dries. The bulbs are then stored in a cool, dark and dry place.
Forcing the crocus is started a month before the expected flowering. The bulbs are planted in containers with a substrate, placed in a well-lit place with limited access to direct sunlight. Keep the pot at room temperature, watering it periodically until sprouts appear from the soil. After that, the plant is transferred to a sunny place and watering is stopped. The pot is removed only after the last bud has faded.
To preserve the corms for future use, a pot of corms after distillation is added dropwise in the garden and sprinkled with snow from freezing. In the spring, the crocus will throw out the leaves again and heal with a new life.You can also store a pot of corms in another cool place, protecting it from freezing, for example, on the balcony, and plant an autumn crocus in the garden in early spring.
Colchicum autumn: medicinal properties
As you know, all poisonous plants are medicinal, the only question is their dosage and correct use. Colchicum is no exception. The medicinal properties of autumn colchicum are provided by the alkaloid-type substance contained in it - colchicine. On the basis of colchicine, a drug of the same name has been created. For the purpose of obtaining it in some countries of Europe and Asia, the crocus is even cultivated. After that, a medicinal substance is obtained from its bulbs and seeds. In medicine, colchicum-based preparations are used to prevent amyloidosis (Mediterranean familial fever) and to treat gout.
Colchicine is widely used in genetic engineering as a drug that causes mutations. In particular, it is used for plant breeding and the development of new decorative forms of flowers.
In folk medicine, the use of colchicum is wider. Despite the benefits of the plant, self-medicating or using tinctures or colchicum juice on your own is possible only on the recommendation and with the permission of a doctor.


Landing

As you can see, the rules for planting spring bulbs are quite similar, but this is not surprising, just as their agricultural techniques and care features are similar. True, if you have purchased a certain foreign selection novelty in your garden, then you should collect more information on this issue.

The last month of summer is coming, autumn will soon whirl round dances of red leaves, warning of impending winter blizzards and severe frosts ... And there is not far off young spring with its timid delicate primroses and the bitter-sharp aroma of swollen buds on the trees. And so, year after year, the seasons replace each other, giving the opportunity to admire the uniquely beautiful changes in nature. But in order for the joy of contemplation to be complete, it is necessary to take care of this in advance.). But in your own garden it can be confused with the crocus (lily family), which is very similar to the crocus - the same goblet purple flowers, and at the same time it is very poisonous. Plants can be distinguished by the number of stamens: the crocus has three of them, and the crocus has six.

ReproductionPlanting crocuses is very similar to planting tulips. The largest bulbs are placed to a depth of twelve centimeters, and small ones - up to five. The distance between them is not recommended to be less than five centimeters, however, if the gardener plans to transplant the plant annually, then three will be quite enough.

This container with planting material is placed in a basement or in any dark and cool place. The first shoots appear in early January. After that, the pot is removed to a room with an air temperature of up to 15 degrees Celsius, where it is shaded with paper bags. It is also important not to forget to water the plant.

To extend the flowering time of this plant, gardeners go for a little trick: they plant crocus bulbs in separate holes at different depths. This will allow you to enjoy the beauty of the crocus flowers for at least a week longer.

The above plants blooming in autumn are purchased in June or early August.

In general, crocus flowers are not very whimsical and very beautiful. There are only yellow varieties on my site so far. (I have almost all the flowers are yellow, I really love this color). But this year I plan to expand the color range of these beauties, so that next spring I will admire the huge amount of colors of these cute flowers.

Planted in late August or early September and bloom in April - early May.

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Spring is hard to imagine without the bright bloom of bulbous, some of them appear on the hills warmed by the sun, literally from under the snow. But for such an early flowering, early planting is also needed, which means autumn is the time for planting spring primroses.

Crocus sowing propagates, like all autumn species of this genus, by planting corms in spring in light nutritious breathable soil to a depth of 5-8 cm.

Reproduction

After the end of flowering, it is necessary to decide whether the transplanting process will be carried out or not. If not, then it is enough just to remove the old wilted leaves and cover for the winter with a layer of mulch. If it was decided to dig up the plant, then the best time for this is mid-July. Crocuses, planting in the fall of which is necessary to obtain beautiful and large flowers, must be carefully selected and removed all diseased specimens. Store bulbs in a well-ventilated area at moderate temperatures.


Watch the video: Planting 24 GORGEOUS Containers with Bulbs + Tips to Get Them to Survive Winter! . Garden Answer


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